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Al-Mustafa Open University congratulates on the birth anniversary of Imam Hasan al-Askari (A.S.) the eleventh Imam of Islam

 

 

The Holy Prophet Mohammad:

"Fasten and hold knowledge and then protect it". He was asked that how could it be fastened? He replied: "by writing and scribing it."

Bihar ul Anvar, volume 2, page 147.

 

 

Imam Hasan al-Askari

 

Short Biography

Name:

Hasan ibn Ali - the 11th Holy Imam of Islam

Title:

al-Askari

Agnomen:

Abu Muhammad

Father:

Imam Ali Naqi-al-Hadi (A.S.) - the 10th Holy Imam of Islam

Mother:

Bibi Hadithah ( or Susan )

Birth:

At Madina, on Monday, 10th Rabi-us-Sani 232 A.H. (845 A.D.)

Martyred:

In Samarrah at the age of 28 on Friday, 8th Rabi-ul-Awwal 260 A.H. (872 A.D.)

Cause of martyrdom/Burial:

Poisoned by al-Mu`tamid, the Abbasid ruler and buried at SamarrA.H. in Iraq.

 

 

 

His life

Imam Hasan al-Askari (A.S.) spent twenty-two years of His life under the patronage of his father, Imam Ali Naqi al-Hadi (A.S.) after whose martyrdom He became his divinely commissioned Imam.

Imam Hasan al-Askari (A.S.), the son of the Tenth Imam, was born in 232 A.H. and according to some Shi`ite sources, was poisoned and killed in 260 A.H. through the instigation of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu`tamid. The Eleventh Imam (A.S.) gained the Imamate, after the death of his noble father, through Divine Command and through the decree of the previous Imams. During the seven years of his Imamate, due to untold restrictions placed upon him by the caliphate, he lived in hiding and dissimulation (Taqiyyah). He did not have any social contact with even the common people among the Shi`ite population. Only the elite of the Shi`ah were able to see him. Even so, he spent most of his time in prison.

There was extreme repression at that time because the Shi`ite population had reached a considerable level in both numbers and power. Everyone knew that the Shi’ah believed in the Imamate, and the identity of the Shi`ite Imams was also known. Therefore, the caliphate kept the Imams under its close supervision more than ever before. It tried through every possible means and through secret plans to remove and destroy them. Also , the caliphate had come to know that the elite among the Shi`ah believed that the Eleventh Imam , according to traditions cited by him as well as his , forefathers , would have a son who was the promised Mahdi (A.S). The coming of the Mahdi (A.S) had been foretold in authenticated hadith of the Prophet (S.A.W.W.) in both Sunni and Shi`ite sources. For this reason the Eleventh Imam (A.S.), more than other Imams, was kept under close watch by the caliphate.

The caliph of the time had decided definitely to put an end to the Imamate in Shi`ism through every possible means and to close the door to the Imamate once and for all. Therefore , as soon as the news of the illness of Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) reached al-Mu`tamid , he sent a physician and a few of his trusted agents and judges to the house of the Imam(A.S.) to be with him and observe his condition and the situation within his house at all times .

After the death of the Imam (A.S.), they had the house investigated and all his female slaves examined by the midwife. For two years the secret agents of the caliph searched for the successor of the Imam (A.S.) until they lost all hope. The Eleventh Imam (A.S.) was buried in his house in Samarrah next to his noble father.

Ahmed Bin Ishaq relates that when he heard of the death of the 10th Imam he went to Samarra and asked for the whereabouts of the 11th Imam. He was told that Imam had been imprisoned by Motaz Billah. After bribing the guards he was able to visit Imam one night. He described the prison as a tunnel under the Khalifas home where there was no space to stretch ones legs or room to be able to stand. Ahmed says he cried when he saw Imams condition. Food was only one glass of water and a piece of dry bread a day.

He was imprisoned because all the rulers knew of the justice that was promised to come with the coming of the 12th Imam and they wished to prevent anyone being born of the 11th Imam.

Whilst in prison he told his companions to accumulate all the matters of Fiqh (jurisprudence) and he completed the matters on the chapters that were found missing. He introduced the institution of "Taqleed" advising people to follow those who were learned, "Muttaqi", and just, as he was in prison and it was extremely difficult for people to meet him. Khums was collected through his representative and matters too asked to him, Abu-Jafer Uthman bin Saeed, who was later to become the representative of the 12th Imam.

There was once a severe drought in Samarra and a Christian priest who whenever he raised his hands caused rain to fall from the heavens came. The Muslims faith started wavering and the Khalifa Motaz Billah, got worried for if they left Islam he would have none to rule over.

He went to the 11th Imam saying that Imams grandfather’s religion was in trouble. Imam asked him to call all the people outside Samarra with the Christian priest. He asked the Christian priest to pray for rain. When he raised his hands to pray it started to rain. Imam asked for whatever was in his hands to be taken away and then asked him to pray for rain again. There was no rain this time. Imam showed that what the priest had in his hand was the bone of a Prophet which whenever placed under the open sky caused it to rain.

Imam then prayed for rain and it rained. Motaz could not re imprison Imam for some time for when the people saw the miracle they all wanted to visit Imam and asked where they might find him. Imam pointed to the Khalifa and asked them to ask him. Motaz told them that Imam was staying at the house where the 10th Imam used to reside.

Lady Nargis was there and it was in that year that the 12th Imam was born. Imam was allowed out of prison for 13 months after which he was rearrested.

His title al-Askery

The 10th and 11th Imam was both called Al-Askery as they lived in an area of Samarra called Askery.

Another reason that the 11th Imam was called Askery is said to be that once Mutawakkil wanted to show the Imam the strength of his army of 90,000 men and so he asked his men to fill their sacks with sand and pile all the sacks up. He then showed Imam this mountain of sacks. Imam asked Mutawakkil, to look through his (Imams) two fingers, where he saw an army of armed Angels. Imam told him that they were at his disposal but he would not use them. (An army is called Askery).

 


10:53 - 7/01/2017    /    number : 82090    /    Show Count : 165


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